Graphic of the BEP Seal

Bureau of Engraving and Printing
U.S. Department of the Treasury

Pictured below: Currency exhibit display panels at Western Currency Facility in Fort Worth, TX.
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Research: Institutional Development 



From a small operation in the basement of the Treasury building, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing has grown into an operation spanning the country with facilities occupying some three square blocks in downtown Washington, DC, and 100 acres outside Fort Worth, Texas.  In operation for almost 150 years, the BEP has undergone many organizational changes and experienced many challenges.


For further information on this topic, specific questions may be addressed to the Historical Resource Center.

HRC / BEP Papers


9-11 History Project Script
A script to a video produced at the HRC/BEP on the BEP experience of September 11, 2001.


"60 Years Ago...Images of the BEP During World War II." BEP Communicator, October 2005
A photographic look at the BEP in the war years.


1877: The Year the Bureau of Engraving and Printing Came of Age
Looks at how the BEP came to take on all government currency production.


About BEP
A brief overview of what the BEP is and does.


The BEP at the Jamestown Exposition
An exhibit script regarding the BEP's participation in the Jamestown Exposition of 1907.


A Brief History of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Short survey covering events up to the 1990s.


"A History of Stamp Production at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing," BEP Communicator, August 2005
A timeline of postage stamp production.


BEP History
A look at the origins and growth of the BEP with a brief timeline and BEP director biographies.


BEP History: Origins
An in-depth look at the origins of the BEP in the early years of the Civil War.


The Case Against 1862: A Discussion About the Date the Bureau of Engraving and Printing Began
Argues that 1861 or 1863 would be more appropriate dates to mark the start of the BEP.


Challenge and Response: BEP Performance in the Post-War Era, 1946-1986
A summary article on developments during the post-war years.


The Challenges of Change:  The Bureau of Engraving and Printing and Modernizing Stamp Production in the Decade After World War II
A paper presented at the Winton M. Blount Symposium on Postal History, November 2006.


"The Day Cottonpaw Came to Visit," BEP Communicator, December 2005
An irreverent look at the visit of a rabbit to the Western Currency Facility.


Evidence of the Small Note Room/Department: Taken from Volume 1, Entry 5: Press Copies of Official and Miscellaneous Letters Sent, Record Group 318: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
A brief report on evidence of the first organizational steps of the BEP.


On Display - 100 Years of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing Exhibiting its Work to the Public
An exhibit script on BEP displays of its products.


"Our Common Endeavor," BEP Communicator, August 2001
Gives a timeline of the Western Currency Facilities origins.


"Security at the Bureau During Past Emergencies," BEP Communicator, April 2002
A note on past security measures at the BEP.


The Start of a Government Monopoly: Civil War Finance, the Rise of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, and the Decline of the Bank Note Companies, 1863
A paper delivered at the Economic & Business Historical Society Conference, April 2005.


Timeline of Legislation related to the Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Presents excerpts of legislation from 1861 to 1994.


"Public Interest in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for over 140 years," BEP Communicator, December 2004
A history of BEP tours.


You Can't Take it With You: Theft at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Looks at the limited but sensational history of thievery inside the BEP.

HRC / BEP Books & Articles


"The BEP and the Texas Centennial," Souvenir Card Journal, 21, 1 (First Quarter 2001): 5-7.
Article on BEP participation in the Texas Centennial of 1936.


History of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, 1862-1962 (Washington, DC: Treasury Department, 1962)
A full-length official history of the BEP.